A bone graft is a surgical technique that replaces missing, destroyed, or damaged bone with healthy, new bone material. It is typically performed to prepare for dental implant placement to improve the quantity and quality of available jawbone tissue.
For patients who’ve lost teeth due to gum disease, an injury, or some other reason, the bone where the teeth used to be can deteriorate over time. This can result in significant bone loss and a sunken appearance of the cheeks and lips. It may also make it difficult or impossible for an implant to be placed.
A bone graft can help restore lost bone tissue to provide adequate support for implant placement. In some cases, a tooth must be extracted or removed before placing a bone graft to allow sufficient room for the graft and implant posts to be inserted.
When Is a Bone Graft Used?
A bone graft is usually performed when a tooth has been lost due to decay or injury. The graft is used to rebuild the jawbone structure and support its function. It can also improve a patient’s facial appearance and reduce sensitivity, which can be uncomfortable.
Many different types of grafts can be used to rebuild teeth. One of the most common is a connective tissue graft. This technique uses tissue from inside the mouth and transfers it to the affected site to rebuild the structure. Another type of graft that may be recommended is a block graft. This graft can take longer to heal as it is larger and must be checked regularly to ensure it is healing correctly. It is often used to help repair larger defects.
An allograft may be used for patients looking for a quicker treatment option. This technique uses artificial bone grafted to the affected site.
Who Needs a Bone Graft?
Dental Injuries or Trauma
In some cases, a broken bone in the mouth may not heal on its own. A bone graft is used to repair the damage and reinforce the area to avoid further damage.
Gum disease can slowly erode the bones around the roots of the teeth. Patients may experience loose teeth that need to be extracted if left untreated. A bone grafting procedure can help prevent tooth loss from progressing by keeping the underlying jaw bone healthy.
Combat the Effects of Aging
As we age, our bones tend to lose mass over time. A bone graft can help stimulate the natural regrowth of the jawbone by restoring the damaged areas.
If you need to replace lost bone tissue, a bone graft may be the right solution for you. To learn more about bone grafts, visit Allouez Family Dental at 2805 Libal Street, Suite C, Green Bay, WI 54301, or call (920) 339-8980.